Electric Car Leasing Glossary

Here you can find explanations and brief descriptions or explanations about Electric Car Leasing and EV acronyms. If you have any questions about electric car leasing, please call our EV Leasing team on 01494 424242 or email us at enquiries@dreamlease.co.uk.

EV (Electric Vehicle)

Let's begin with a straightforward one. EV simply means Electric Vehicle, instead of one powered by petroleum. An electric vehicle utilizes electric engines and engine regulators to control the vehicle rather than through petroleum combustion. EVs store power in a battery that controls the vehicle's wheels through an electric engine. Various kinds of EVs incorporate the battery electric vehicle (BEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), the hybrid EV (HEV), and the Fuel Cell (FCEV).

Assuming power goes through an electric engine to move - or help move - the vehicle, you have yourself an EV of some portrayal.


PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars)

A PHEV or plug-in hybrid is a kind of half-and-half electric vehicle. A PHEV joins a petroleum-powered engine with an electric motor and a battery pack. This battery can be recharged at home overnight or at a public charging station.

Plug-in hybrids typically can operate in two different modes: "all-electric," where the motor and battery give all the vehicle's energy, and "mixture," where both electric power and petroleum fuel are employed simultaneously.


BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle)

BEV stands for Battery Electric Vehicle. In the context of cars, a BEV is a type of electric vehicle that relies solely on an electric battery to power an electric motor, which propels the vehicle. Unlike hybrid vehicles, which use a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor, BEVs operate entirely on electric power and produce zero tailpipe emissions. The battery in a BEV is rechargeable, typically through external charging stations, and the vehicle does not require traditional fuel such as gasoline or diesel. BEVs are considered an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles, contributing to reduced greenhouse gas emissions and a cleaner transportation system.

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Single and Three-phase Power

Single Phase Power is commonplace in UK homes and businesses. All standard 3-pin plugs are single-phase and can run an electric car charge point up to 7.4kW.

Three-Phase Power is frequently found in businesses and modern residential builds. It provides additional voltage allowing for 22kW AC charging.

Simply put, a three-phase charger will charge your vehicle faster but most likely will be more expensive to install.

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